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The Express Tribune Editorial 12 June 2020

Social stigma and Covid-19

In spite of ceaseless talks in the media about preventive measures against the coronavirus, there is practically no mention of the superstition rife in our society and how it is playing out in the context of the unprecedented pandemic. A report in this newspaper has described several instances of how Covid-19 patients in Sindh are being shunned by society and even families and relations. A physician mentioned a patient in Korangi, Karachi, who was left on the roadside for fear that he might infect healthy members of his family. It is not known what became of this unfortunate man. Considering the dangerous level of superstition prevalent in our society, there might be other such persons whom fate has treated cruelly.
Such behaviour is common in underdeveloped areas though, even posh localities like Karachi’s Defence Housing Authority are not free from the superstition attached to the deadly coronavirus. People are avoiding interaction even with patients who have fully recovered from Covid-19 and having been certified by doctors as fully recovered. If this is the way society is treating recovered patients, the plight of patients who have are undergoing treatment can only be well imagined. They are being shunned by their own families and society like the plague. Families whose members are undergoing treatment for the disease and even those who have been declared fully disease-free are being treated as social pariah, something with whom social contact should be avoided at all costs.
Doctors have described the social stigma attached to the disease as a dangerous trend. They say coronavirus patients, like those suffering from any other disease, need empathy and not contempt. The whole society needs to work for elimination of the social stigma attached to Covid-19. The cruel attitude of society towards Covid-19 patients might compel people to kill themselves after having been diagnosed with the disease. This is a dangerous situation but wholly avoidable because the survival rate for the coronavirus is 98%.

 
 

Debt relief

 

There was some good news on the national debt front as the Paris Club of creditors has agreed to suspend debt service payments from Pakistan as part of a G20 debt relief deal. Pakistan, Chad, Ethiopia, and the Republic of Congo take the total number of countries granted relief under the deal so far to 12. At least 30 countries have applied for relief, which was offered to 77 of the world’s poorest countries. Reports suggest that the overall relief from the Club would amount to $1.8 billion payable by Pakistan to 11 countries till June next year. The dues would be added to the amounts due under the rest of the payment schedules. The Paris Club hopes the relief deal will help developing countries focus on combatting Covid-19 and keeping their economies afloat.
In addition, a recent IMF report showed that up to $12.7 billion worth of Pakistan’s external debt repayment obligations for the next year might be covered by the plan. This is because the Paris Club — which only includes countries — has asked commercial lenders to also offer the same terms to countries it approves for relief. Apart from Paris Club members and commercial lenders in these countries, Pakistan also has significant payments due to China and Chinese lenders, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, the World Bank and the ADB.
The approval appears to have considered the appeals made by PM Imran Khan and others in recent times for relief to allow debt-riddled developing countries to get out from under the Covid-19 pandemic with their health systems and economies intact. As part of his “Appeal for Global Initiative on Debt Relief”, Imran had also ordered the foreign ministry to go into diplomatic overdrive to convince countries to join Pakistan on the same page. While the government, and indeed the country, can breathe a small sigh of relief, it will have to be short-lived because the loans have only been rescheduled, not waived. We still need to figure out how to come up with the money to repay them.

 
 
 

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